For Aristotle, once “violent motion” (from people) extinguished itself, natural motion takes over, and then the cannon ball falls to its natural … A geocentric worldview became engrained in Christian theology, making it a doctrine of religion as much as natural philosophy. For nearly 1,000 years, Aristotle’s view of a stationary Earth at the center of a revolving universe dominated natural philosophy, the name that scholars of the time used for studies of the physical world. Aristotle describes two kinds of motion: "violent" or "unnatural motion", such as that of a thrown stone, in the Physics (254b10), and "natural motion", such as of a falling object, in On the Heavens (300a20). He investigated a variety of different topics, ranging from general issues like motion, causation, place and time, to systematic explorations and explanations of natural phenomena across different kinds of natural entities. Aristotle is a towering figure in ancient Greek philosophy, who made important contributions to logic, criticism, rhetoric, physics, biology, psychology, mathematics, metaphysics, ethics, and politics.He was a student of Plato for twenty years but is famous for rejecting Plato’s theory of forms. If time were created, then there must have been no time before the creation, but the very concept of "before" necessitates the concept of time. On the other hand, as he argued in his works of natural philosophy, the only continuous motion … It is a collection of treatises or lessons that deals with the most general (philosophical) principles of natural or moving things, both living and non-living, rather than physical theories (in the modern sense) or investigations of the particular contents of the universe. Aristotle held that there are two kinds of motion for inanimate matter, natural and unnatural. Aristotle (384 B.C.E.—322 B.C.E.) Aristotle supposed that it would move in a straight line (due to the unnatural force), and then would fall straight down (due to a different, natural force.) (This was probably deduced from watching oxcarts and boats.) Summarizing Aristotle’s View. Aristotle had a lifelong interest in the study of nature. Unnatural (or “violent”) motion is when something is being pushed, and in this case the speed of motion is proportional to the force of the push. The meaning of physics in Aristotle. But Aristotle asserts two imperishable entities: motion and time.
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